Gary S. Dell

Section 1

Division: Cognitive

Professor of Linguistics
Professor of Psychology
Beckman Institute

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Contact Information:

  • Address:
    University of Illinois
    Dept. of Psychology, MC-716
    833 Psychology Bldg.
    603 E. Daniel St.
    Champaign, IL 61820
  • Telephone: (217) 244-0966
  • Visit Website

Research Description

Gary Dell's work deals with how people produce and understand sentences, and how these processes can be modelled using neural networks. For example, his research on language production attempts to understand production errors or "slips of the tongue." He has developed a neural net model that makes predictions about the qualitative and quantitative properties of speech errors. These predictions are tested using experimental procedures in which subjects produce words and sentences under controlled conditions. A particularly interesting aspect of the model is that it can be used to understand patterns of behavior resulting from brain damage. By changing the processing characteristics of the model, one can produce speech error patterns that are characteristic of certain types of aphasic patients.


  • Ph.D. from the University of Toronto


  • Cognitive Science Proseminar
  • Connectionist models in psychology
  • Language production

Recent Publications

Chang, F., Dell, G.S., & Bock, K. (2006). Becoming syntactic. Psychological Review, 113, 234-272.

Dell, G. S., Oppenheim, G.M., & Kittredge, A.K. (2008). Saying the right word at the right time: Syntagmatic and paradigmatic interference in sentence production. Language and Cognitive Processes, 23, 583-608.

Dell, G.S., Martin, N., & Schwartz, M.F. (2007). A case-series test of the interactive two-step model of lexical access: Predicting word repetition from picture naming. Journal of Memory and Language, 56, 490-520

Kittredge, A.K., Dell, G.S., Verkuilen, J., & Schwartz, M.F. (2008). Where is the effect of frequency in word production? Insights from aphasic picture-naming errors. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 25, 463-492.

Warker, J.A., & Dell, G.S. (2006). Speech errors reflect newly learned phonotactic constraints. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 32, 387-398.

Section 2


Facilities Information

Parking Garage Update

The two parking garages have been evaluated and no structural issues were found. The problem is just in the exterior brickwork. These problems will be addressed and the garages reopened by the start of classes, although some work will continue into the fall semester.