Carla Desi-Ann Hunter

Section 1

Program Area: Clinical/Community

Associate Professor of Psychology

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Research Description

Dr. Hunter's line of research is consistent with a focus in ethnic minority psychology and explores identity and well-being in persons of African descent who reside in the U.S. Two key assumptions which inform her research are (1) the U.S. racial history has created a unique racial context with specific racial hierarchies and (2) racial minority status in the U.S. may hold psychological implications for persons of African descent with respect to observed ethnic group health disparities. Her research explores individual factors (resiliency and counter productive) such as racial and ethnic identity and cultural worldviews and its association with outcomes such as perceptions of racial discrimination and race-related stressors in African Americans and British Caribbean Americans. The inclusion of British Caribbean Americans (and Black immigrants in general) is unique and important because Black immigrants' migration into the U.S. racial context provides a unique opportunity to investigate identity and acculturation in a racial group that migrates to the U.S. without the psychological and social label "racial minority". It is her hope that this line of research will be utilized to inform culturally competent and culturally relevant service delivery thereby decreasing treatment and mental health disparities for persons of African descent who reside in the U.S.


  • Ph.D. Columbia University

Distinctions / Awards

  • 2009 Section on Ethnic and Racial Diversity (SERD) APA-Division 17 Outstanding Contribution to Scholarship on Race and Ethnicity
  • 2009 Arnold O. Beckman Distinguished Research Board Award, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


  • PSYC 336
  • PSYC 574

Office Hours

  • Thursday 4:00-5:00pm


Chapter Books

  • Chin, Jean L. The psychology of prejudice and discrimination: A revised and condensed edition. Chapter Book. Comp. Carla D. Hunter and Ma'at E. Lewis-Coles. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Publishers, 2010.

Journal Articles

  • Mekawi, Yara, Konrad Bresin, and Carla D. Hunter. "White fear, dehumanization, and low empathy: Lethal combinations for shooting biases." Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology 22.3 (2016): 322-332.
  • Watson, Natalie, and Carla D. Hunter. ""I had to be strong": The strong Black woman and African American women's lives." Journal of Black Psychology 42.5 (2016): 424-452.
  • Hunter, Carla D., Andrew D. Case, Nancy Joseph, Yara Mekawi, and Ehsan Bokhari. "The roles of shared racial fate and a sense of belonging with African Americans in Black immigrants' race-related stress and depression." Journal of Black Psychology (2016):
  • Hughes, Cris, Carla D. Hunter, Patrick Vargas, Michael D. Schlosser, and Ripan Malhi. "Police endorse color-blind racial attitudes more than lay persons." Race and Social Problems 8 (2016): 160-170.
  • Watson, Natalie, Angela R. Black, and Carla D. Hunter. ""I'm not saying I'm meditating": African American women's perceptions of mindfulness meditation training and gendered race-related stress." Mindfulness 7 (2016): 1034-1043.
  • Watson, Natalie, and Carla D. Hunter. "Predicting psychological distress among African American women: The costs of strength and negative attitudes towards psychological help-seeking." Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology 21 (2015): 604-612.
  • Case, Andrew D., and Carla D. Hunter. "Cultural racism-related stress in Black Caribbean immigrants: Examining the predictive roles of length or residence and racial identity.." Journal of Black Psychology 40 (2014): 410-423.
  • Case, Andrew D., and Carla D. Hunter. "Counterspaces and the narrative identity work of offender-labeled African American youth: A critical ethnography." Journal of Community Psychology 42 (2014): 907-923.
  • Joseph, Nancy, Natalie N. Watson, Zhenni Wang, Andrew D. Case, and Carla D. Hunter. "Rules of engagement: Predictors of Black Caribbean immigrants' engagement with African American culture." Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology (2013):
  • Case, Andrew D., and Carla D. Hunter. "Counterspaces: A unit of analysis for understanding the role of settings in marginalized individuals' adaptive responses to oppression." American Journal of Community Psychology 50 (2012): 257-270.
  • Joseph, Nancy, and Carla D. Hunter. "Ethnic-racial socialization messages in the identity development of second-generation Haitians." Journal of Adolescent Research 26.3 (2011): 344-380.
  • Hunter, Carla, and Nancy Joseph. "Racial group identification and its relations to individualism/interdependence and race-related stress in African Americans." Journal of Black Psychology 36 (2010): 483-511.
  • "Individualistic and collectivistic values: Implications for understanding perceptions of racial discrimination for African Americans and Black British Caribbean Americans." Journal of Counseling Psychology 55 (2008): 321-332.
Section 2


Facilities Information

Building Remodeling Projects

Click on the title to check out these pictures from the classroom remodeling project in the basement. A second project to replace the elevators will begin in September. Beginning with the freight elevator, each elevator will be out of service for three months. To get quickly from one floor to another, and improve your fitness, we will encourage the use of the stairs. The repainting of the northeast stairwell has been completed, and the painter is starting on the southwest stairwell.